The Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP) recently published a new profile of the American college student. The profile makes clear that many students are working while in school. The CLASP profile shows 45 percent of undergraduates are employed part time. Among young community college students, 63 percent said they would not be able to attend college, if they did not work.
America’s future prosperity depends mightily on our ability to produce more college graduates who are prepared to compete in the global economy. To achieve that goal, the CLASP profile suggests we’ll need strong financial-aid programs like the Pell Grants to supplement the earnings of these students so that they can meet the skyrocketing cost of college.
A new report from the National Center for Education Statistics shows that the hard work of America’s educators and students is yielding important progress. Achievement is rising for Latino students, particularly in fourth-grade reading, where the gap between whites and Latinos has narrowed by 10 points since 2000 — about a full year’s worth of learning.
Despite these gains, we’re nowhere near where we need to be. Over the past two decades, the Latino student population in the nation’s schools has increased by 138 percent, to more than 11 million students nationwide. This extraordinary growth demands that we accelerate our progress in closing the achievement gaps that separate them from their white peers.
New federal data on achievement in U.S. history reveal some good news for African-American students. The gap between black eighth-graders and their white peers shrank by 20 percent from 2006 to 2010. Meanwhile, from 1994 to 2010, the achievement gap between black and white fourth-graders shrank by one-third.
While this is encouraging news, the results also show that four out of every five African-American 12th-graders performed below “basic,” indicating that much more work is needed.
Like millions of other Americans, President and Mrs. Obama depended heavily on financial aid to fund their college educations. No doubt, that experience informs the president’s ongoing support of the Pell Grants program, even in these difficult economic times. During a recent meeting with 10 youth leaders from around the country, he made it clear that the nation can’t afford to balance the budget on the backs of college students.
As the inside-the-Beltway discussions of federal accountability heat up, it is worth taking a breath to consider what the research says about the impact of accountability provisions in No Child Left Behind.
Results of the National Assessment of Educational Progress exams in math and reading, for example, show that low-income eighth-graders made faster gains in reading and math after passage of NCLB than they had before. What’s more, the Council of Chief State School Officers reports, 75 percent of states have made achievement gains with economically disadvantaged eighth-graders on state math assessments. Meanwhile, 20 percent of states have made progress toward closing gaps between low-income and high-income students. And new and rigorous research published in the Journal of Policy Analysis and Management confirms these trends.
College and career preparation may be all the rage, but many schools seem to be operating under a college or career model, and then pretending as though these are equal options.
Too often, we find students warehoused in cosmetology and auto mechanics classes with companion “academic-lite” courses like consumer or business math. The warped logic of these so-called “career tracks” emerges in the words of an urban high school counselor.